Formalism is a method of criticism which “examines a literary text or artwork through its aesthetic composition such as form, language, technique and style” (Formalism, 2018). Formalism began in Russia during the 20th century by a group of linguis.
The formalist criticism of Pope’s work can be accomplished through the close reading of the text with an eye towards the use of. We will write a custom Critical Writing on Formalist Criticism on “Essay on Man” by Alexander Pope specifically. another way to interpret and appreciate this masterwork is through a formalistic approach.
The Formalist approach to literature, or Formalism, is a broad branch of literary criticism that seeks to examine a text on its own terms, independent of the text's societal or authorial context. Formalism accomplishes this examination by evaluating the formal aspects of a text.
There are many ways to analyze the poetry, one of the approach is using the formalist theory. As discussed in An Introduction to Literary Studies (1999), the formalist concerned about literary structure; using phonemic device not the phonetic content. Therefore, using the formalist theory will help to analyze the elements of the poem in order to look its effect in the meaning of the poem.
Textual Criticism plays an important role in studying the genesis and development of a piece of literature. Thus it has helped us to see how Pound’s editorial surgery transformed Eliot’s clumsy and diffuse The Waste Land to a modern classic. Other famous textual cases include Dickens’s two endings for Great Expectations. After seeing the unhappy ending in proof, Dickens wrote another.
Formalism is a school of literary criticism having mainly to do with structural purposes of a particular text. It is the study of a text without taking into account any outside influence. Formalism rejects (or sometimes simply “brackets,” i.e., ignores for the purpose of analysis) notions of culture or societal influence, authorship, and content, and instead focuses on modes, genres.
A formalistic approach to literature, once called New Criticism, involves a close reading of the text. Formalistic critics believe that all information necessary to the interpretation of a work must be found within the work itself; there is no need to bring in outside information about the history, politics, or society of the time, or about the author's life.
Psychological criticism is an approach in analyzing literary texts through the use of psychological concepts especially the human desires and feelings that a person is unaware of. The text is analyzed and understood together with the possible responses of the reader as well as the author of the text.